Long long time ago there lived an impoverished boy named Aladdin. He found it difficult to meet ends as he lived it utter poverty. Until one day an old man walked up to him and said he was his uncle. As Aladdin had lost his father and did really have an uncle he had never seen, his mother welcomed this old man home. The next day, the uncle gave Aladdin good clothes to wear and a tour of the city gardens. Impressed with the makeover of her son, the mother readily agreed to Aladdin working for the uncle.

But this old man was no uncle, infact he was a wicked magician who wanted to use the services of the boy. So he took him along with him though cities and gardens, until they reached a mountain. The magician lit a fire and mumbled some words which Aladdin did not understand and with a swish of the powder the ground beneath them opened. 

Aladdin was afraid with the happenings but the magician assured him that nothing would happen to him but he would have to listen to every word he said. The magician told Aladdin to alight through the tunnel, he would then come to a forked path with three ways, and he should take the right and lead on until he came to fresh gardens. Right in the centre of it would be a lamp that is glowing. Put off the light, remove the oil from it and bring the lamp back. But do not touch anything else said the magician and led the boy down.

Oblivious of the essence of the lamp, Aladdin scampered through the way and found the lamp. On his way back, he pocketed some fruits that were shiny like he had never seen before. When he reached the opening, the magician was glad and reached out his hand to take the lamp. Pull me out first, said Aladdin but the magician refused. So Aladdin too refused to give the lamp before being out in the open. So the angry old man closed the ground above him.

Sobbing away, Aladdin’s hand rubbed the lamp by mistake and out came a genie. You are my master and I will do anything you command, it said. Take me home said Aladdin and before he knew it, he was with his mother. Instantaneously he related the entire story to look at his mother’s widened pupils. She summoned the genie to bring forth those shiny fruits and food. And the two feasted for the first time in their life. Life went well for a few years as their every wish came true.

Then one day he saw Jasmine, the daughter of the king and fell in love with her. His mother made proud presentations to the king with rich gifts and fanfare. Looking at the magnanimous gifts the king readied to give his daughter in marriage. Aladdin wished for a palace and the same was granted for the newly married couple. 

The news of the grand palace spread far & wide and soon the evil magician got to know of it. So one day he went with a cart full of new lamps shouting new for old. As Jasmine did not know the value of the old lamp she exchanged it for a new one. And soon the magician transposed the palace and the princess to Africa. Hearing this Aladdin set out to rescue his love. With the help of the flying carpet and his beloved monkey pet he found the lamp and summoned the genie to redo the act.

He then punished the magician by adding poison to his drink that led to the death of the old wicked man. Thereafter Aladdin his mother and Jasmine lived happily ever after.

The original name of Tantya Tope was Ram Chandra Pandurang Tope. One of the great Indian freedom fighters, the name of Tantya Tope literally made English generals tremble with fear. He had such aura, such fearsome reputation. Born in a village named Yeola in Maharashtra, Tantya Tope was the only son of Padurang Rao Tope and Rukhmabai. His father was a key noble at the court of Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao 2nd. Later on when his family shifted from Peshwa to Bithur, Tantya Tope developed healthy and friendly relationship with Peshwa’s adopted sons, Nana Sahib and Maharaja Madhav Singhji. 

When Lord Dalhousie deprived Nana Sahib of his father’s pension in the year 1851, Tantya took his first action against the British. He was completely against the unjust policies of the British rule. In May 1857, he devoted himself fully to the nation’s cause. He managed to establish his authority and also became the commander in chief of his forces. Tantya Tope was a pivotal figure in India’s freedom war in 1857. He was one of the most wanted fighters by the British army because he had taken over the Indian troops of the East India Company, stationed at Kanpur. The British empire was going whole hog to capture everything India had by depriving Indians of their own rights and through the use of force and deception. Along with other Indian, Tantya Tope also felt great discontentment against the rulers and decided to take his own corrective course. 

Tantya Tope tried to join Rani Laxmibai in Kalpi and occupy Gwalior. But they lost the battle and Rani Laxmibai was killed. British managed to occupy the Gwalior. But Tantya was not to lose hope. He collected huge forces and kept hunting British. He won many crucial and strategic forts. It is being said that, Tantya Tope fought no less than 150 battles. He kept hurting British rule with his Guerrilla campaigns. British forces were unable to catch him but he was betrayed by his own friend Man Singh and on 7th April 1859, British General captured him. He has hanged to death on April 18, 1859. Tantya Tope’s fierce patriotism will always be remembered by the Indian people.

Bed time is a perfect time to bond with the child. As the body needs rest, their mind needs to be relaxed. This is the best time to get imaginative and narrate stories and also indirectly teach them a few notes on discipline and good behavior. Teaching through stories is a soothing time for children. Reading becomes a habit and they also would love to point out the characters in the book. Use this time to explain about God, friends and other things about school.

The fox cubs and the lion cub
One chilly evening, the lion returned to his den with a baby fox cub in his hand. Mamma lion was waiting for dinner to be served. She was quite disheartened to see the tiny fox and said, “I don’t have the heart to eat him. He is so much like my kids.” The lion agreed and from then on they raised him with their other two cubs. The fox child learnt to romp, play and eat like the lions.

As they grew, they started wandering on their own. It was fun to just be together. One day the elephant came along. Elephants are very much an enemy of the lion. The cubs were scared and they whimpered back to the den. But the fox stayed back growling at them. On reaching home, the fox was laughing and chiding the lion cubs for their coward ness. Mamma lioness watched all this with concern.

Late in the night, as the children slept peacefully she told the Lion, “I don’t think our fox child should stay with us. Today he was teasing them but as they are children they will forget and play. As they grow, the lions will eat up the fox.” The Lion nodded in agreement. Early in the morning Mamma lion told the fox, “Though you are my child you are not a lion. For your happiness you must go to your fox family. Be happy and live with them.”
The fox was sad to leave but understood the matter. He suddenly noticed some fox cubs in the bushes and quickly raced with them. At night, the fox howls and Mamma Lion knows that he is safe somewhere in the forest. And everyone sleeps peacefully.

Jacky- The shy Hippo
Jacky Hippo was too lazy to run and play. He was happy to be sitting all day in water and day dreaming. All he did was eat some grass and sit in water. All the animals we were worried about him. Chikki would peck on him to keep him clean and push away the annoying bees. But all Jacky would do was smile at her.

The annual festive season was nearing and all the animals geared for the fancy dress competition. The theme was about games and champions in sports. There was a nice party and dance after the competition. When Jacky heard the same, he was not even excited. He showed no interest to participate or talk about ideas he had.

Jacky’s mother was upset and told Chikki to do something about the same. Chikky told him, “Jack, Would you like to be a part of the fancy dress theme?” and all Jack said was a “No.” Chikki told him, “You know Shera is going to judge on us and there is a prize for the runner up too. But Jacky just moved to another spot and continued munching the grass.

The rehearsal was on and the animals decided to practice in front of Jacky. On seeing so much excitement, colors and props, Jacky’s eyes showed a glint of happiness. He came out of water and almost smiled. Jacky’s mom gave him a costume of a goal keeper of a football team. All the animals cheered him to wear the gear. Jacky was shy and put his head down. Chikki clapped and tweeted and all the animals joined in.

Jacky changed into his costume and emerged from the bush. All the animals clapped and Partha the fox taught him a few tricks on how to behave like a goal keeper. Jacky felt confident and practiced each day. He spent less time munching or being idle. Chikki was happy for him. On the day of the event, Jacky was shy to go on stage but all the animals cheered him. He gave a good performance and also won the prize.

Jacky was happy and showed the prize to his mother. He was no more shy or idle. He played and chased butterflies. He exercises and remains fit. Jacky is now happy as he is selected for the football team which has regular matches each year.

Sun and Moon
One day God was giving jobs to all animals, humans, trees and planets. He saw the nine planets and wondered. The Earth is the most beautiful planet and it has so much responsibility as many people live here. Let me allot the Sun and the Moon to help Dear Earth. The Sun was told to shine on earth for the entire day and then the moon was to come to keep her company during the dark.

The Sun God and Moon God met in Heaven and greeted each other. They were excited but the moon said, ‘Let us play the hide and seek game from now on.’ This is what happens as when the moon goes the sun comes bright and shining to help the human beings begin the day. We go to school, elders go to office and the day is a busy time. While it gets to be dark, the sun hides and up comes the moon and with it comes the stars.

The moon is the satellite of the earth and is very close to where the earth is. When the moon comes up, we begin to rest as rest is important for our body. One day there was confusion and the Moon and Sun accidentally met and then there was Eclipse. Everyone said it is when the sun, moon and earth talk to each other there is eclipse. Though this is rare, the scientists are finding out new ways to know more about the eclipse.

The Sun was proud of his job as he was the life giver to many living things. The plants needed him, kids loved him and many humans worshipped him. The moon was sad and yet did his job dutifully. As the routine was set, one hot day, the Sun was tired and was waiting for the day to get over. The Moon decided to play truant and did not want to come. The Sun pleaded, “C’mon Moon, You know I have had a tiring day so why don’t you help me’.

The fairy for the twilight came and pleaded to the moon, ‘Oh Moon. Please come over. All of us need you equally.’ The Moon came smiling. The Sun was relieved. He apologized to the moon and from then on God sent Evening so that the Sun and Moon can work happily during the day and night.

Nepal is a country with more than 40 ethnic groups and that shows in its musical culture. Music is an integral part of this country and normally associated with every occasion of life be it marriage, birth, feasts, festivals, funerals or national events. Various musical genres exist in Nepal, relatively a small country.

Rock, pop, rock & roll, metal, Latino, punk, hip-hop, folk, classical are other prevalent genres. Several pop and rock bands along with rap groups exist in this country. Nepali folk music is quite soothing because of its beats and rhythms.
Indigenous Nepalese music has several genres like, Newari music and Khas music to name a few. Newari music is all about some wind instruments, no string instruments and percussion instruments. Having a newari band is sign of wealth in Nepalese society. Khas music belongs to Khas society. Mostly sarangi was used in this form of music.

Other popular form of music are; Gurung Music, Tamang Music, Magar Music, Kirant Music, Sherpa Music, Maithili Music and Bhojpuri Music. Well-liked songs are; Simsime Paani Maa, Resham Firiri Tirtha, Banjho Khet Maa, Paan Ko Paat, Ganaharva, Sebru Tune, Marunee Tune (Samala), Saanghuree Baree Ni, Maachhi Mara Na among others.

Directory of Nepali Music, songs, mp3 downloads.
These are sites & cultural music resources which offer free Nepali songs, new releases, free Nepali mp3, movie songs, cultural folk songs, tribal music, Nepali music downloads online, lyrics databases etc. Some of these listed music sites or companies may offer them free while some may charge a small fee to register to download their songs or mp3s. Feel free to suggest us good, clean song & music resources.

gorkhali.com/ – Offers a large collection Nepali Music and songs.

nepalisongs.com/ – Offers Music Cds of Nepali songs for sale. You can listen to one-minute samples of Nepali songs online

kurakani.tk – Site dedicated to Nepalese Music, old and new Nepalese songs and Nepali culture.

Go Back To Main Music Index Page

Societies have developed historically as human beings communicated with one another in order to survive on earth. Since then societies have advanced significantly in course of time and so also has the communication skills of mankind. It is essential for social beings to come to terms with others around them and exchange their ideas and opinions and demands and necessities with a view to ensuring purpose of living. Man has learned to communicate through language, speech and gestures and such activities in total have been termed as elocution. This short article is to introduce elocution topics and ideas. 

Communication primarily involves language and its use, ways of expression and use of parts of human physique to add values to the expressions. The study of elocution, English elocution to mention here, has a vivid history. The study which includes grammar, diction, pronunciation and style in the delivered speech has been considered as a basic discipline in the rhetoric of the Western classics. Two Roman senators, Brutus and Antony by name, are found to deliver excellent speeches with extra-ordinary expertise in oratory in Julius Caesar of William Shakespeare. This indicates that orators have had an honorable status in the society. 

Lectures on Elocution (1762) and Lectures on Reading (1775) of Thomas Sheridan and Elements of Elocution (1781) of John Walker contain instructions on reading from literary passages loudly and on gestures, dictions, control over voice and stress on syllables etc. Since then elocution has been included in the curriculum of the school. By the middle of the nineteenth century texts naming ‘New Juvenile Speaker’, ‘The Star Speaker’ and a few more by McGuffey have been published in the U.S.A. 

Elocution begins to verify if the words are pronounced in exactitude with the right intonation, tone, diction and gesture. Elocution demands that the speaker must be smart and self-confident with no hint of nervousness. It demands clear, correct and steady pronunciation. The person delivering a speech must stand straight and utilize his eyes and pout in order to impress the audience. Teachers should suggest students to stand before a mirror while delivering a speech and provide them with tape recorders in the elocution classes so that the learners can identify their mistakes and use corrective measures. 

Elocution topics for children are selected from the glorious treasure of English literature and also from enormous resources of everyday life. In many schools students are encouraged to read daily news and to hear the news-reader of the radio station or of the television channel as these are live examples of excellent elocution skills.

Elocution competitions are really interesting. Sometimes the contestants get topics a few days before the day of competition and they use the period to prepare for the competition. While other times they learn the topics immediately before the start of the competition. The topics may be from ‘your first day in the school life’ to ‘take a class where your students are the dinosaurs’. Recent topics are ‘waiting lion cubs as their mother is killed by poachers, how to fight terrorism, how to sanctity a society etc. 

The world has become a large village thanks to the great communication revolution in the recent decades. The immediate result of it has been experienced in the form of increase in exchanges and interactions among the people of different regions and this has created greater demand the soft skill of elocution in individuals.

In this age, where children are suffering from obesity, outdoor activities form an important part of their life. Outdoor activities have long term benefits on their health. Adequate outdoor activity increases health and physical development by improving sensory development, reducing obesity and stimulating blood cells.

Health benefits
Outdoor activities help kids stay fit and active which will benefit them in the long run. They can ward off health problems like obesity and heart ailments later in life. Some kids frequently fall ill; being active in life will help them stay healthy; they will feel hungry and have meals on time. Since they will feel tired by the end of the day, they will sleep on time too.

Makes them competitive
When kids play outside, they gain a sense of mastery and competency skills. They try climbing, running; throwing and they feel they can do it, which in turn builds up their confidence level. Even when they are playing any game and they win the game, it helps in developing the winning spirit. It’s a best way to boost their self-esteem as well.

Learning working in groups
When kids play with other kids, they learn to interact in groups, learn building strategy to win. They learn to adjust with kids of different temperament. This will help them when they grow up, in both their professional and personal life.

Giving a sense of freedom
When kids play outdoors, adults are generally more lenient with them. They feel a sense of freedom. They feel more enthusiastic and energetic and want to discover themselves.

Take them to the beach, let them let go of themselves. Let them play in the sand, make sand castles, take them play in the water.

Learning social skills
Often when kids play, they have a lot of loud interactions and physical movements with other kids. At times they might not know the other kids they have to play with especially in schools, and that helps them develop social skills. They learn to be cordial and try and work well in groups often developing qualities like leadership and co-operation. They learn to interact with other children, often bonding over games and developing long lasting friendships.

Learning to appreciate nature
Parents should take their kids for treks and nature camps. They will understand nature and science better. This will help them relax and sooth all the five senses. You should teach them to respect nature. Try doing activities like gardening, planting trees, flower exhibition which help them to understand nature.

In this age, where children are so tech savvy, it might be challenging for parents to take your child away from television, computers and video games. But you should make outdoor activities fun according to your child’s interests and slowly they will learn its importance.

We Indians call our nation mother India and are great devotees of Mother Goddess in various manifestations. But is this devotion and respect for the country restricted to only a few words or do well actually implement these values. No, we all are openly playing a double standard game with our country as well as our Goddess. No one of us can deny the dual character personality of Indians. One end we say that we worship Maa Sarastwati, Maa Durga, Maa Laksmi and at the other end we are continuously destroying the precious gift of nature, a girl child.


The latest and innovative techniques of gender detection have empowered the rate of female foeticide in India. Every mother desires to have abortion if the ultrasound test detects a girl child. Wait a moment…what can you see in the ultrasound? Ten tiny fingers, ten tiny toes, innocent face, ready to come out and feel the beauty of nature and love of mother. Close your eyes and you will hear a sweet voice from within, ‘Mamma’. Will you still abort your unborn girl child? No, you can’t be so cruel, at least not to someone who is a part of you.

Becoming a mother is the greatest gift of God. Treasure this gift regardless of the fact whether you have a baby boy or baby girl. It’s now time to take an initiative to curb the undesirable practice of girl discrimination. Girls must enjoy the right to freedom, right to education and right to birth. They are biologically stronger than boys and must receive adequate nutrition, health care facilities and education. They must be given opportunities to explore themselves and prove their capabilities. As mothers, they are responsible for imparting values, cultural beliefs and manners in their children. Hence, they must be educated spiritually, emotionally and intellectually.
Women are the best players of the society to bring in vigor, harmony, cooperation, humanity and eventually transforming the society into a compassionate and peaceful place to live in.
Every child required nourishment and wise guidance in the early formative years. At this stage, a woman helps her child imbibe the best of good things in life. Lack of education will not only harm the individual development of a child but whole of the nation.
Presently, many harmful characters are misguiding the status of women, resulting in retarded social growth. Rules and regulations must be adopted to improve the status of woman in every state and furthermore result in an overall development of the country

India is one of the few countries where selective sex gender bias exists till today. The onslaught of feminism has not allowed Indian women to revolt against the century old systems. For centuries together women have played their roles of being the provider and sustainers of families without even a thank you note at the end of their lives. It has been proven in India and other countries where ever women have been given freedom they have changed the world and made a better place to live in. Consider these facts:
Education and training helps the woman to hone her talents. She can earn more money. Women have the ability to put the money earned in further education. They also spend the money of better healthcare for children and families. Men on the other hand are spendthrifts. When they earn they spend it on vices and make hell for their families. The economic status of the woman gives her a better social understanding. An educated woman is likely to defend herself better than an illiterate one against men, crimes and abuse. Once she knows her rights she can also approach the courts. Many daring women have taken such recourse to bring men to task.
It is only a woman who understands that weather a male or female child, it should be healthy and given equal status. A woman has the power to end the evil of dowry system also.  As girls are given a chance to live there will be control in population. Families will be small, healthy better educated and happy. Today’s woman has to be given the confidence to live. She will eventually be a balanced mother. The craving for the ubiquitous male heir has to vanish. Discrimination between the male and female child have to end for ever. Educated Indians have to behave responsibly and set an example for one another.
The Ministry for Welfare of Woman and Child in India says, ‘don’t kill your girl child. We will look after her.’ It is an embarrassment for all of us if we fail to protect the rights of the girl child. India has examples of women who have risen from the ashes like phoenix and done the country proud. India can be poised and shining only if the girls are given an opportunity to prove their talents. In education they have been toppers consistently against boys. A girl is like a flower to be nurtured.
She is a goddess to be revered. She is mother earth that sustains the very breath of humanity. How can man even think of killing her in the womb? It is said in the Bhagwat Gita that the karma of the past catches up.  For those who have killed their daughters mercilessly they will go through the same fate. But the woman whose tender heart continues to nurture will still give a chance to evil to redeem. Unless India gives women a chance to survive, it would fail as the world’s largest democracy.

Arabic music is listened quite profusely in many parts of the world. Arabian music is quite similar to Persian and Turkish music in many aspects. Arabic music was evolved in the time of Greek civilization. Many diverse civilizations and art forms have contributed in the development of Arabic music. The influence of Greek, Roman, Phoenician, Persian, Islamic and European culture can be clearly seen in the Arabic music. It’s a culmination of various mixed heritages which has kept on enthralling and soothes millions of music lovers all over the world.

Arabian music was more traditional in nature before 1950. But since then, Arabian music has adopted best components of western music.

This fusion was termed Arabic pop which is basically a blend of Arabic instruments and lyrics with western styled songs. In general, this music is homophonic in nature barring the exceptions of few genres.

Arabic songs focus more on rhythm and melody. Dalida is considered as the pioneer in the world of this fascinating music.

Other famous Arabic singers are, Sabah, Kadhem Al Saher, Warda Al-Jazairia, Nawal Al Zoghbi, Nawal El Kuwaiti, Magida El Roumi, Haifa Wehbe, Latifa, Asalah Nasri, Wael Kfoury, Amal Hijazi, Elissa to name a few.

Directory of Arabic Music, songs, mp3 downloads.
These are sites & cultural music resources which offer free Arabic songs, new releases, free Arabic mp3, movie songs, cultural folk songs, tribal music, Arabic music downloads online, lyrics databases etc. Some of these listed music sites or companies may offer them free while some may charge a small fee to register to download their songs or mp3s. Always read their terms & conditions. Feel free to suggest us good, clean song & music resources.

arabicmusicdirect – Online vendor of ORIGINAL Arabic Music CDs and Cassettes, DVDs Online. Includes a section for Kids arabic music & Movies

Timesofmusic.com – Offers collection of music lyrics & songs from around the world.

4arabs.com Offers over 1000 full length Arabic songs and over 150 different singers.

arabic MP3s and songs – Offers arabic music & song resources.

oghnia.com – Arabic Music, arabic MP3s, DVD and CDs from popular arabic bands and artists, search for: by Artist . Reviews library of Arabic music on the net.

al-amir.com – Provides an online database of Arabic music, singers and songs.

medieval.org – An educational essay about Classical Arab music.

hinesmusic.com – Learn about Folk Songs and Dance Music of Turkey and the Arab World.

http://www.bahrainona.com/mp3/ – Arabic and khaleeji MP3 …..enjoy listening to free Arabic music MP3s online

http://www.arabmusic.nl/ – Free Arabic MP3 music . Includes arabic songs live.

Guide to Arabic songs & music

Pilipino Music and songs resources

Filipino music is a mixture of European, American and indigenous sounds. The music of the Philippines has been influenced by age old music legacies of Spain, United States, Austronesian population and Indo-Malayan Gamelan music. Western rock and roll, hip hop and pop music from the United States have influenced Filipino music to a great extent.

The colonizers from Spain and Mexico left their musical marks on Philippines. This imbibed a music culture in the country that had its roots in Christianity and religious music. Musical instruments like the guitar became popular and soon became an important part of the customs and traditional elements of the musical culture of the Philippines.

The Kundiman is a lyrical song made popular in the Philippines in the early 19th century. The song is characterized by a minor key at the beginning and shifts to a major key in the second half.

In the 1920s Kundiman became a mainstream musical style, with many popular performers that included Diomedes Maturan and Ruben Tagalog.

Spain brought the Rondalla to the Philippines in the 1800s which is an ensemble of plectrum instruments. Rondalla is predominantly played in the Filipino rural community life. Banduria, double bass, laud, octavina, guitar, piccolo etc. are used in Rondalla instruments.

Directory of Filipino Music, songs, mp3 downloads.
These are sites & cultural music resources which offer free Filipino songs, new releases, free Filipino mp3, movie songs, cultural folk songs, tribal music, Filipino music downloads online, lyrics databases etc. Some of these listed music sites or companies may offer them free while some may charge a small fee to register to download their songs or mp3s. Always read their terms & conditions. Feel free to suggest us good, clean song & music resources.

tayabas.com.ph/lyrics.html – Tayabense Original Pilipino Lyrics Collection Find your favorite filipino lyrics, opm lyrics, filipino songs, OPM, tagalog songs, Original Pilipino Music, OPM songs, lyric sheet, musicians, composer, arranger, and theme songs.

sciencedaily – An educational essay on the Music of the Philippines.

tagaloglang.com/learn/folksongs – Learn about Traditional Filipino Folk Songs.

philmusic.com  – source of Philippine music on the internet. Browse the hundreds of news, photos, and audio clippings. Listen to the latest  Philippine music and songs.