The fact that girls are being murdered quietly after sex determination tests, what can one say of rights of girl child in India? As per UNICEF guidelines the girl child must get equal opportunities to education, medicine, healthcare facilities and workplace.
Although the democratic constitution and laws state there have to be equal and full opportunities, the girl child, if she survives barley gets to see her 15th birthday. Out of the 15 million baby girls born in the country, every year nearly 25% of them do not reach their 15th birthday.


India has been one of the first countries to introduce family planning in 1952. The tragedy lies in the misconception that a male heir is all that is needed. But how many people realise that to have the male heir, a woman is needed to reproduce. Biologically she is the carrier of the child.
In many homes across the country, girls are treated with indifference. Daughters are considered as liabilities. Outside one sex determination clinic in Haryana, it was written, pay Rs. 50 now rather than pay Rs. 50, 000 later (as dowry).

Women have no power themselves even though they have legal recourse. It takes guts for a woman to stand up against her husband, in-laws or parents if she meets with dowry problems or sexual violence.  Child marriages restrict the girls and their rights.

There is malnutrition, poverty, high illiteracy and infant mortality ailing the society today in India. Only 40-50 percent women get antenatal care. In Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharastra, Orrisa and Gujarat the registration for health services for mother and child are low (5-22% in rural) and (21-51% in urban) areas.
A pregnant woman is dependent on the mother-in-law and husband for any treatment that she needs. Atrocities against women has risen. Every 26 minutes a woman is molested. Every 34 minutes a rape takes place. Every 42 minutes a sexual harassment incident occurs. Every 43 minutes a woman is kidnapped. And every 93 minutes a woman is burnt to death over dowry. One-quarter of the reported rapes involve girls under the age of 16 but they are never reported.
The government’s initiative of saving the girl child has started with a ‘palna’ (rocking cradle). It is not a rocking scheme. The NGOs and other agencies working to save the girls from becoming victims of infanticide feel this could be a way that parents who give birth to the girl and leave it in the government’s care! The scheme has sent wrong signals to poor parents! In Tamil Nadu where the scheme started off has not been so successful.
Girl child education in India : The constitution guarantees free primary school education for boys and girls up to 14 years of age. But till today, only 39% of girls and 64% of boys get education in Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. If women teachers were increased chances are that girls in rural areas would continue to study. As girls get enlightened, they will raise better families.

Korean music had predominantly two main genres which defined its classy music. Traditional Classical and Folk Music were the main forms of music in old Korea. Korean classical music had a distinctly similar style to Chinese music. Even during old times, several customary ceremonies and recreational functions followed Confucian philosophy.

Korean folk music in contrast was more of energetic nature and it evolved from Shamanistic rituals. Impact of Buddhist music can also be seen in other cultural activities of Korea.
Korean music can be segregated in courtly, scholarly, aristocratic and religious types. Its folk music is mostly melodious in nature and follows a set of rhythms called Jangdan.

Korean court music can be traced to the 13th century. Three forms of court music are; Aak, Hyang-ak and Dang-ak. However, court music is rarely used now a day.

Korean instruments are divided into three categories of string, wind and percussion instruments. String instruments include 12-string zither (gayageum) and geomungo (six-string plucked zither), haegum (two-string vertical fiddle) and the ajaeng (seven-string zither).

Primary wind instruments are piri (cylindrical oboe), daegeum (large transverse flute), Chinese oboe, saenghwang (mouth organ), panpipes, hun (ocarina), flute with mouthpiece, danso (small-notch vertical flute), and grass flute. Percussion instruments include, kkwaenggwari (hand-held gong), buk (barrel drum), janggu (hourglass drum), jing (large hanging gong), The bak (clapper), janggu (hourglass drum), pyeongyeong (stone chimes) and chuk (square wooden box with mallet).


Directory of Korean Music, songs, mp3 downloads.
These are sites & cultural music resources which offer free Korean songs, new releases, free Korean mp3, movie songs, cultural folk songs, tribal music, Korean music downloads online, lyrics databases etc. Some of these listed music sites or companies may offer them free while some may charge a small fee to register to download their songs or mp3s. Always read their terms & conditions. Feel free to suggest us good, clean song & music resources.

kpopmusic – Offers a collection of Korean pop music downloads.

Korean midi  – Browse a collection of Korean songs MIDI files to listen.

dearmusic  – Browse a collection of new Korean Pop music and other Korean Songs.

hometopia.com/mp3 – Provides new and old songs and Korean MP3s collection.

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Courage & Character education

Courage is not something that comes from flying to your heart in moments of need or in emergencies. Courage is not something that can be handed over to you through lessons either.

Courage is a way of life. It is as much a habit as anything else. Like getting up and brushing your teeth in the morning, or drinking coffee.

It’s a matter of routine more than anything else. People tend to speak of courage only in terms of deeds. For instance, they might speak of courage in the battlefield. Soldiers and policemen are supposed to show courage. Or they might refer to courage in the face of devastation. Flood-affected people or earthquake victims must show courage.

However, courage is not merely the name you can give to your putting up with a bad situation. After all, in a bad situation, there is not much one can do expect cope with whatever strength and forbearance you can muster.

But though we don’t notice it, a lot of courage is part of our routines. The man who gets into a blocked sewer shows courage. The man who tills the land, not knowing whether he will have a good monsoon shows courage. The woman who resists the temptation to lavish goodies on her children shows courage. The child who breaks a leg on the football field but goes back to the game later shows courage. The student who is bent on following his dreams shows courage.

The real test of courage is in our daily lives. Or should be.

The courage to speak the truth. All the time. Because lies are the biggest and most obvious sort of cowardice that all of us hide behind.

The courage to speak our mind and not stay silent, simply because we are afraid that other people might not agree with us. Of course, there will be conflicting views. And of course, conflict is unpleasant. But not speaking your mind can lead to much worse unpleasantness.

The courage to stand up for what we believe in. The courage to follow public rules and laws and insist that other people follow them too. The courage to resist those who take easy ways out, which only leads to more corruption and red tape in our social systems.

Mark Twain has said, Courage is not the absence of fear. It is acting in spite of it.

The sign of a courageous person, then, is someone who is feels, fear, recognizes fear and still goes on to do what he or she believes is right.

some quotes on courage

Courage is being afraid but going on anyhow.  ~Dan Rather
Courage is doing what you’re afraid to do.  There can be no courage unless you’re scared.  ~Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
A coward is a hero with a wife, kids, and a mortgage.  ~Marvin Kitman
Coward:  A man in whom the instinct of self-preservation acts normally.  ~Sultana Zoraya
Bravery is being the only one who knows you’re afraid.  ~Franklin P. Jones

Directory of Legal music download sites & resources.

These are Music & localized cultural song resources which offer information on history of music, free songs, new song releases, free mp3s, movie songs, cultural folk songs, tribal music, or music downloads online, lyrics databases etc.

Some of these below listed music sites or music companies may offer them free while some may charge a small fee to register to download their songs or mp3s. Feel free to suggest us good, clean song & music resources.

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Birthday parties are great at any age! It takes more than balloons and streamers to make a successful party but, not a lot of time and money.

Often the “hit” of a birthday party is a simple  prepared game or activity, that kids request to play again and again!

Try these fun ideas for party themes, games and activities and adapt them to your special birthday person! Have fun!

 

birthday party | birthday cake ideas | birthday party games | birthday wishes | birthday presents | 1st birthday | 18th birthday | 21st birthday | 40th birthday | 60th birthday

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Ethiopia is a culturally diverse country with more than 75 ethnic groups making up its population. Ethiopian music is mostly dominated by the Amharic-speaking people residing around capital Addis Ababa. Amharic musicians have carried on tradition of folk music with the help of instruments like washint (flute), krar (lyre) and masenqo (one-string fiddle).

Most of these songs were in form of oral history of Ethiopian culture. First famous artist in the world of Ethiopian music was Tilahoun Gessesse.

Owner of a powerful and soul-stirring voice, he brought revolutionary change and fame to Ethiopian music. Apart from him other famous singers are, Mahmoud Ahmed, The Idan Raichel Project, Aster Aweke, Gigi Shibabaw and Bole2Harlem.

These singers are adept at singing diverse songs including traditional and popular modern songs. Tilahoun Gessesse along with Neway Debebe and Mahmoud Ahmed are considered as music pioneers in this part of the world.

These singers not only performed with numerous bands but also played along side capital’s streets and grand halls.
Mahmoud Ahmed is the bestseller singer in the Ethiopian music circuit with over 250 releases to his credit. He is a pop icon who is equally adept at melodic songs as well as traditional tchik-tchik-ka rhythm. Few renowned bands in Ethiopia are; old-fashioned Imperial Bodyguard Band, Yohannes Tekola’s Wallias Band, Netsanet Mellesse, Ethio Stars etc. These band specialize in various genres including Rock n Roll, Pop, Traditional music, Reggae etc.

Directory of Ethiopian Music, songs, mp3 downloads.
These are sites & cultural music resources which offer free Ethiopian songs, new releases, free Ethiopian mp3, movie songs, cultural folk songs, tribal music, Ethiopian music downloads online, lyrics databases etc. Some of these listed music sites or companies may offer them free while some may charge a small fee to register to download their songs or mp3s. Feel free to suggest us good, clean song & music resources.

Ethioview.com/EthioView’s Ethiopian music and Songs Collection – best voted songs by visitors.

sellassie.ourfamily.com/music – Buy  Ethiopian Music CDs, Traditional & folk Music, and Children’s songs from Eithopia.

encyclopedia articles on Ethiopian music – Learn about  traditional & folk Music of Eithopia.

http://www.virginia.edu/iso/ic/library/ – An essay about the Origin and Evolution of Ethiopian Music.

December 23 -Farmers Day [Kisan Divas]

India is a land of villages and most of the populations residing in villages are farmers. Agriculture employs more than half of the Indian population. Though, there was a time when approximately 75% of the Indian population was living on agricultural income. But the emergence of service sector and strong manufacturing industry has helped in attracting people from agriculture to these sectors. Yet, agriculture is the main occupation of the country. India had an interesting agricultural journey. The green revolution changed the agricultural landscape of the nation. Productivity increased and India became self-reliant in many agro-commodities. States like Punjab thrive on agricultural income.

However, a lot needs to be done in improving the state of the farmers.
Farmers are the backbone of the nation. India celebrates Farmers Day in the memory of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the ex-Prime Minister. He was primarily a farmer and his personal life-style was extremely simple. He was a son of the soil and contributed a lot to improve the situation of the Indian farmers. His brief stay at the top witnessed a slew of agricultural reforms and policies being introduced in India. Charan Singh’s peasantry background helped him understand real problems of the farmer and he did his best to help them.
Chaudhary Charan Singh is credited to formulate and implement the famous Zamindari Abolition Act. His passionate appeal and magnetic persona united all the farmers against the moneylenders and landlords. He was also a very effective writer and penned his thoughts on farmers and their problems and solutions. Charan Singh passed away on 29 May 1987. Kisan Divas is recognition of his valuable services rendered to the farmers of India. Entire India celebrates Farmers day. Farmers and members of rural community organize agricultural shows, functions and pay homage to their beloved leaders. New policies concerning farming, agriculture, seeds etc are also announced by the governments.

Children are the future of a country. They bring the development & prosperity to the country. But as we all know that the children are the most vulnerable part of the society & can be easily targeted. In India we have enacted many laws & Acts related to Children in order to protect them & to give them a better & sound development.

Constitutional Provisions :
Preamble Commitment: Justice, liberty, equality, & fraternity for all the citizens including children are the main purpose of the Constitution.
Article 14: Equality before law & equal protection of laws. It is available to every person including children.

Article 15 (3): empowers the State to make special legal provision for children. It makes mandate to the government to ensure children’s welfare constitutionally.
Article 21: it mandates free & compulsory education for all the children in the age group of 6- 14 yrs.

Article 23: puts total ban on forced labour & is punishable under the Act.
Article 24: prohibits employment of children in hazardous factories below the age of 14yrs.; e.g.: mine, match industries etc.

Article 51 A clause (k) & (j): the parent or the guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or as case may be ward between the age of 6- 14 yrs.
Directive principles in Constitution of India also provide protection for the children such as, Article 39 (e), Article 39 (f), Article 41, Article 42, Article 45, & Article 47.

There are many Acts enacted in India for the protection children rights:
The Factories Act, 1948.
The Probation of Offenders Act, 1959.
The Child Labour Act, 1986.
The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1986.
The Juvenile Justice Act, 2000.
The Pre- Conception & Pre- Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 2002 and many others.
National Policy for Children (NCP), National Institute of public Co-operation & Child Development (NIPCCD), The Integrated Child Development Services are polices made by Government. Even NHRC & UNICEF are also organization, takes special efforts to protect children rights.

Conclusion :
The increased crime rate against the children, even after enacting so many laws & implementing them, has raised an alarming concern all over the world as children are being misused for fulfilling some people’s illegal purposes. So along with various laws, it is also our social responsibility to take care of the children & to protect their rights.

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The most violated human rights are children rights. Around 185,000 children are working as domestic labour (2001 census). Is the most highlighted problem globally.

The children’s are being forced in many labour works, domestic works, bonded labour, rag picking, forced to work in roadside eateries, prostitution, in factories etc.

Causes:
Poverty, child trafficking, ignorance of parents, discrimination of gender, children are easily targeted only for the reason that they cannot raise their voice as adults.

Child Labour lawa India :
Children who are engaged in labour work for economic gains, harmful works or hazardous works below the age of 14 years.

In India there are many Laws enacted to protect the rights of children which are as follows:
The Child Labour Act, 1986.
The Factories Act, 1948
The Mines Act, 1952
The Bonded Labour System Abolition Act

Constitutional provisions:
Article 24 provides: strictly prohibits children to work in hazardous environment.

Article 21, 45 gives the right to education to all the children below the age of 14years.

Article 39 declares the duty of the State to provide the children a free and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity.

Child labour in domestic work has been strictly banned by the Government, because of the increased cases of child abuse and sexual abuse of children especially girl child.

The government has a special cell to help children in exploitive circumstances. These cells comprise of social inspectors, as well as other administrative personnel, employed specifically to deal with child labour issues.

There are many organization which aims to stop the child labour on global level such as CRY, UNICEF, ILO etc.

To stop child labour is not only governments but each individual’s social responsibility, as children are assets of a nation.

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