Factors like climate change and global warming have led to popularity of environmental science as a career choice among the youths of today. This field is an interdisciplinary discipline that combines physical and biological sciences like biology, physical science, geography, chemistry and soil science etc. The most basic function of an environmental scientist is to study the environment and the solutions of environmental problems. These well trained professionals discover the effects of human activity, mass production, and industry pollution that affects the well being of the environment and nature. It is their job to minimize the effects of ecological pollution to the humans, nature and wildlife. The scientists are adept at mixing together interdisciplinary, quantitative and integrated approach to study our environmental systems. They aim to achieve sustainable environmental health for all the living species.
Some of the other related fields to environmental science are environmental engineering and environmental studies. The job profile of an environmental scientist is quite huge as he has to perform a range of environmental activities from conducting research to protecting the environment. He/she examines observations and measurements of air, water, soil, food, and other aspects. This way, he determines the correct ways to improve our surrounding environment. Right from preparing reports and assessments on environmental issues to teaming up with other related professionals, an environmental scientist saves us from harmful environmental effects. He can specialize in different fields like conservation, environmental biology, ecology, environmental chemistry and fisheries.
To become an environmental scientist in USA, one needs at least a master’s degree in environmental science, chemistry, geology, physics, or related area. Though for entry level positions, a bachelor degree will suffice but it is always recommended to go for a master’s in this subject. Those willing to make a career in research and teaching positions typically hold Doctorate degrees. Some of the subjects covered by environmental courses are physical geography, hazardous waste management, geochemistry, geologic data and hydrology. Those with extensive education and experience will always find good employment opportunities in public as well as private sectors. Demand for environmental and water resources will further drive job growth for environmental scientists.
Those who want to pursue courses in environmental science in India can join any of the undergraduate and post-graduate courses offered by several institutes across the country. The basic qualification for B.Sc (Environmental Science) is 10+2 pass with science subjects. Going forward, one can opt for M.Sc in Environmental Science with a degree in B.Sc Environmental Science.
Several reputed institutes in India offer courses in environmental science. These courses are at B.Sc/ M.Sc/ B.E/ B.Tech/ M.Tech levels.
University of Delhi, Delhi
Delhi College of Engineering, Delhi
Center for Environment Education, Nehru Foundation for Development, Ahmedabad
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Bharathiar University, Coimbatore
IIT, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Madras
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Environment Management (SIES), Mumbai
Visveswariah Technological University, AIT, Chikmagalur
Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi
Students pursuing environmental science in India have multiple career options. They can find good job opportunities with different government departments and agencies like Water resources and Agriculture, Forest and Environment, environmental NGOs, refineries, fertilizer plants, Pollution Control Boards, food processing industries, waste treatment plants, textile mills, urban planning, and different private industries and firms.