Educational business is about passion and a constant desire to learn something new. While there are so many opportunities in the field of education, opening a play school in India comes with a few challenges.

If you are desirous of opening a playschool, make sure you do your homework well. The first things are about legal requirements to open a play school in India. Also, do check with your financial consultant to understand taxation and other litigations with respect to Indian tax. This is the prima facie work needed before you start the process of how to go about a preschool.

Space is very important. It is highly imperative to check the neighborhood well. There would be existing competition or new ones will crop up with time, hence it is good to find out what is being offered around your area. It is not really wise to begin with marketing as a solid framework is essential. If you have your own space it is wonderful. Or else, seek a rental premises and workout a cost. The ambience also includes furniture, structure, safety and also the major elements like play area, toys, gym equipment meant for kids. This is an investment but has high value and helps you create a good image. Playschools are about sensitivity, in the sense; it deals and contributes to the future and personality of a child. Hence, the groundwork has to be perfect. Promises must be kept when you enroll students.

If you are thinking of starting a preschool from home, you must have a very formal approach. Home must not mean any casual procedures. Right from the register, receipt books to the enrty-exit log book, everything must be formal. It is vital to have all plans and additional staff to maintain security. While recruiting helpers, a prior check up on their background and if need be police approval would be good.

This creates a very good impression as well as works well in giving you the peace of mind by having reliable staff. All kinds of basic furniture must be appealing as well as safe for the toddlers. Any after class activity that you wish to do in such a home run preschool must have a similar formal tone.

The preschool business in India is a very viable project. If you want to know more on lesson plans, curriculum for the classes, field trip planning as well as special events, you may call us.

Quality and ethics must the backbone for anything you do in the playschool. Recruiting qualified staff who love teaching kids is of foremost importance. We also conduct training for teachers which will be useful for new recruits in your school. Playschool is a fabulous business opportunity which when done with quality in mind will yield best and long term results.

THEO KIDS are the leading preschool consultants in India who offer a wide range of services world wide from imparting preschool marketing ideas and also providing a syllabus. They can customize the setting up process for preschool so that the launch of your playschool is done without any hiccups.
Article by Kamakshi Gupte – website : ourcreativetalents.com

Legal assistants or Paralegals is one of the fastest-growing careers across the world. They provide wonderful support services to government agencies, legal firms and corporate entities. Paralegals perform a range of tasks in challenging legal environment. Considering the large number of lawsuits taking place in different verticals of the business and society; now is perhaps the best time for pursuing a career in law field. They have proved to be a boon for firms who cannot afford the services of a lawyer. Legal assistants are skilled at providing terrific service to the lawyers. Most of the lawyers delegate many of their tasks to legal assistants. That way, most of the tasks performed by paralegals are very much similar to the roles played by lawyers. However, they cannot perform certain tasks like giving legal advice, setting legal fees or presenting cases in court. These are the tasks strictly performed by lawyers.

Some of the important duties performed by paralegals includes, helping lawyers prepare for corporate meetings, closings, trials and hearings. They ensure that all the relevant information have been assembled and considered. It is their job to classify and categorize appropriate laws, legal articles and judicial decisions specific to the particular cases. Paralegals also prepare thoroughly written reports for attorneys. Some of the other responsibilities of legal assistants are preparing legal arguments, draft pleadings and motions to be filed with the court etc. Their assistance to the lawyers during the trials cannot be overemphasized. Often termed in casual language as ‘Man Fridays’ of attorneys, legal assistants truly play a major role in legal system.

Paralegals can choose to specialize in particular fields, such as labor law, litigation, environmental issues, family law, health care, real estate and intellectual property rights. Many paralegals also work as contract employees offering their services to attorneys for particular cases. To become a legal assistant in USA, one needs to get the certificate through the American Alliance of Paralegals, National Association of Legal Assistants, or other qualified association. Better still, many paralegals get an associate degree in law or criminal justice or higher. One can also join a community college paralegal program. Legal assistant programs are offered by more than 1000 colleges, universities and law schools spread across different states of America. The chances of employment certainly increase if one has done the paralegal program approved by American Bar Association (ABA). Many training programs offer job placement services after the course completion.

According to Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment rates for legal assistants are going to increase by 22%. Law firms, commercial legal departments and government organizations always seek services of qualified paralegals. They also manage to get handsome salary. With experience, potential earnings increase even more. This is definitely a challenging but growing career field. Law and Criminal Justice program graduates should make the most of opportunities available to them.

Some of the top colleges offering legal courses in India are:-
National Law School Of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore.
University College Bangalore,
Government College Mumbai,
ILS Law College,
Symbiosis college, Pune and
Faculty of Law of Delhi University.

Microbiology is basically an important branch of biology. It studies growth, characteristics and various other aspects related to the life cycle of microbes such as viruses, protozoan, bacteria, algae and fungi. The main focus of this field is study of microorganisms and their relationship with other creatures. Microbiologists are highly trained professionals that examine different specimens and their consequence on the life of human beings. These scientists not only study the characteristics and growth of a variety of microscopic organisms but also their impacts on humanity. Microbiology is a very promising field that has great influence on our society and human beings in general.

A microbiologist scrutinizes biological medicine, proteins and cellular tissues. He/she is trained in identifying and observing different chemical reactions and responses. His role further extends to studying samples of soil, air and water and carrying out numerous experiments and come out with new research methods. They spend most of their working time in research laboratories and in understanding the life processes of microscopic organisms. Development of new biofuels, agricultural products, new medications and vaccines wouldn’t have been possible without the crucial contribution of microbiologists. As this is a very vast field, microbiologists specialize in different fields of this discipline. For instance, if one prefers understanding epidemics, food poisoning then other one can specialize in addressing pollution issues and studying one type of microorganism. The job demands use of a variety of complex equipment such as spectrometers, electronic sterilizers, cell sorters, and electron microscopes for experiments.

One must have a bachelor’s degree to enter into this field however, most of the microbiologists have a master or doctorate degree. The classes have intensive classroom instruction and laboratory work. Most popular options include the Master of Science in Molecular Genetics or Ph.D. in Microbiology and Immunology. One can specialize in any of the several subjects available under this discipline. Microbiology is an evolving field where new studies and findings is a common thing. One must keep himself abreast of latest happenings in this industry.

Microbiology is an emerging career choice in India. Many youths are taking this career seriously. Several institutions all over India are offering this course at under graduate as well as at post graduate levels. One must pass 10+2 in science stream to seek admission in an undergraduate program while for postgraduate programs, the candidates should have a Bachelor’s degree in microbiology/Life science.

Some of the reputed institutes imparting knowledge in microbiology in India are:-
Birsa Institute of Technology, Jharkhand,
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (A.I.I.M.S.), New Delhi,
Christian Medical College, Tamil Nadu,
Andhra University-College of Science and Technology, Andhra Pradesh,
Banaras Hindu University: Faculty of Science, (Uttar Pradesh),
C.M.S. College of Science and Commerce, (Tamil Nadu),
Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya, (Madhya Pradesh)
Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata
Hindustan Academy of Education Research and Training, Greater Noida

There are several specializations available in the field of microbiology. Professionals can work as bacteriologists, medical microbiologists, environmental microbiologists, protozoologists, food microbiologists, biochemist, industrial microbiologists, mycologists, biotechnologist, geneticists, biomedical scientist, virologists, cell biologists, aeromicrobiology and immunologists. A trained microbiologist can find good job opportunities in laboratories, health care organizations, research institutes and pharmaceutical companies.

Forensic Science is a scientific discipline. It deals with the application of different scientific principles to examine and solve legal matters and provides physical scientific evidence for use in criminal and civil investigations. Forensic science primarily analyses the physical evidence found at the scenes of a crime. Forensic science technicians are trained professionals that gather and examine physical evidence and investigate a variety of criminal activity. With the help of these evidences, the technicians help in the prosecution or defense of both criminal and civil investigations. Evidence could be in form of glass fragments, blood, building materials, hairs, footwear, fibers from clothing, bodily fluids and tire marks etc. The maximum time of a technician is spent in the laboratory analyzing specimens, extracting data and conducting experiments etc. They also testify in court as expert witnesses and explain their laboratory findings.

To become a forensic science technician, one must have at least an associate degree in applied science. However, chances of job opportunities increase several times if one has acquired a bachelor degree in forensic science, criminal justice, or other related field. Many colleges and universities in USA offer the subject of forensic science. The course curriculum covers subjects like human anatomy, laboratory procedures, DNA typing, data collection and recording methods, evidence collection and analysis, criminal law, forensic archaeology, statistics among others. Internship proves vital in obtaining precious practical experience. American Academy of Forensic Science (AAFS) emphasizes the need of choosing a major subject in this field that provides extensive coursework in math and a minimum of 24 academic units of biology or chemistry.

Several forensic science technicians have a master’s degree in certain specialty like molecular biology or genetics or toxicology, latent fingertips, firearms etc. These trained professionals can find entry-level jobs in police departments, government agencies, coroner offices, academic institutions and forensic laboratories. One usually receives on the job training from six months to two years. The training involves learning lab procedures, lab equipment, computer programs, storing evidence, writing reports and providing courtroom testimony. A forensic science technician can also get certified from the American Board of Criminalistics (ABC).

According to USA Labor Bureau, the employment for forensic science technicians is expected to grow at a phenomenal rate of 31% in coming decade. That is definitely a huge boost for those who wish to pursue career in this field.

In India, several institutions offer courses in forensic science:-

Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Delhi

Anna University, Chennai

Dr.Harisingh Gour Vishwa Vidyalaya, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Hyderabad

Forensic Sciences Department, “Forensic House”, Chennai

University of Delhi, Delhi

Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science, New Delhi

Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Chandigarh

One can pursue courses at B.Sc., M.Sc, Ph.D etc levels. Courses are available in forensic science, criminology, cyber forensics and information security, and forensic speech sciences. One can further specialize in subjects like forensic serology, forensic anthropology, forensic archaeology and other related science. One can find lucrative job opportunities in police force, law enforcing agencies, legal systems and both government and private investigative agencies.

A housekeeper is an integral part of a hotels, hospitals and residential care facilities. They are responsible for the general management and running of these establishments. Housekeeping job can be very demanding. He/she has to ensure that all jobs within the house or hotel are finished in time in best way possible. This job is part managerial and part hands-on.

Housekeepers in managerial positions will be responsible for recruiting, dismissing, training and supervising all the other staffs working in the premises. They inspect all the work. They have to make sure that all the work performed in the hotels, resorts or residential property is of high standard. A housekeeper needs to direct all the in-house staffs about safety and cleanliness standards.

A housekeeper has to manage all the basic tasks within the stipulated budget. He/she needs to be very disciplined and should ensure all the works are being done in an orderly manner. They need to check for all the faults and repairing issues also. Usually, a housekeeper is not required to have a formal qualification. In this career, experience matter more than the qualification. But in recent times, employers are looking for certain qualifications. So, one should ideally have a basic education including GCSE Maths and English. One can go other courses in UK like BTEC National Certificate/Diploma in Hospitality Supervision, BTEC HND/HNC in Hospitality Management, Hotel and Catering Management and NVQ in Hospitality, Hospitality Supervision, or Hospitality and Supervision.

In USA, like UK, no formal education is required for entry-level housekeeping jobs. Most of the workers learn their skills on the job. But to enhance the job chances, a housekeeper should have at least a high school diploma, or a diploma or certificate from any of the technical and vocation colleges. These courses teach housekeeping techniques and procedures and supervisory skills. Some of the progressive housekeepers are registered with the International Executive Housekeepers Association, which offers two kinds of certification programs, Certified Executive Housekeeper (CEH) and Registered Executive Housekeeper (REH). Getting these certifications can increase chances of job offers substantially. One needs to attend course and clear the passing exam to earn these certifications. After the course, one can seek employment opportunities in hotels, hospitals, casinos, and other large institutions.

In India, plenty of institutes offer certificate course in Housekeeping management.

Some of them are:-

FHRAI Institute of Hospitality Management, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh

Pondicherry Institute of Hotel Management & Catering Technology, Pondicherry,

Institute of Hotel Management, Bangalore

National Council for Hotel Management, Delhi, Mumbai

Oriental Institute of Catering Technology & Hotel Management Madurai, Tamil Nadu

Indian Institute of Hotel Management and Culinary Arts , Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

Mumbai College of Hotel Management and Catering Technology, Mumbai

Asia Pacific International School of Hotel Management, Kolkata, West Bengal

One can also pursue a hotel management course the basic eligibility for which is passing of 10+2 examination from a recognized board. A hotel management course offers different specializations like dietetics & nutrition, tourism management, travel and tourism, front office, culinary and housekeeping among others.

A freelancer can be defined as an independent worker who works for no fixed employer and may also work for a number of employers at one point of time. A freelance writer is someone who earns his living by offering writing services to different individuals or organizations. Career as a freelance writer is relatively a new phenomenon. Now a day, more and more writers are working on a freelance basis. They are self-employed and offer their services to newspapers, magazines, online publications, ad agencies or television channels. They work on a contract basis. He/she seeks his/her own work opportunities. This can be a highly rewarding work but involves lots of struggles and challenges.

As a freelance writer, one needs to assess his core skills and interests. Quite a number of freelancers write in different genres but those with complete command over a specific segment have better chances of success. It is not an unusual sight to find freelance writers offering content writing, web writing, blogging, SEO writing, advertising copies and press releases writing services to prospective employers. Many freelance writers are commissioned by a sponsor to write a script or a book as a ghost writer. A number of freelancers are hired for recurring or short-term assignments by newspaper publications.

The services of freelance writers are sought by a variety of publications and individuals that need different written content for diverse range of tasks. Freelance writers can write short stories, poems, blogs, business proposals, contracts, articles, essays, academic dissertations and manuals. They are free to set their own schedules and conditions to the employers.

To become a freelance writer, one does not require special qualification however, he should have a bachelor degree in journalism, English, mass communication and related field. Needless to say, a freelance writer needs to have absolute command over the language. He needs to be really good at grammatical and spelling skills. Those willing to pursue this career can work part-time or complete internships for school or college newspapers, local magazines and related publications. Many freelancers prefer to start on their own once they gain extensive experience working for a certain publication. Freelance writers often attend seminars, conferences and writing workshops to enhance their skills and make new contacts.

There is a huge demand for writing services in many parts of the world. A freelancer with substantial experience can do really well in this field. Initially, this job can be highly challenging. He needs to be self-motivated and should be able to handle multiple tasks. Now a day, many freelancers are opting for distance-learning courses in creative writing or communication. Such courses help one in sharpening his talents and master a certain niche genre.
In India, one can go for a course in creative writing or related field from a recognized university. Most of the courses offered are at degree, diploma and certificate levels.

Institutes offering courses in writing field:-
Institute of Communication,
The British Council located in all major metro cities of India
Xavier’s, Mumbai
Central Institute of Indian Languages, Karnataka
IGNOU (distance learning), New Delhi

Film Industry is perhaps the most glamorous industry. Though on surface, the job of a director/documentary film-maker seems full of glamour, hype and stardom but in reality, it is a highly challenging role. A documentary film maker is someone who directs or even produces the film. Documentary films are made for different mediums such as, motion picture, television, documentary, community projects and corporate training videos etc. A documentary film maker is responsible for converting the concept for a film project into a finished film. The idea could be of a small video, music video, advertisement or a full-fledged film. He does his job by assembling a cast and crew and picturing the sequences on specific locales. As far as budget of the film is concerned that depends upon the scale of the project. It could be in millions or could be few hundred dollars, depending who are the target audiences of the film.

An advertisement video or a mainstream movie can cost unheard of amounts but a movie for education purposes or for local clients do not require heavy investment. The job of a documentary film maker is very much technical in nature. He must be creative and brimming with ideas. A film maker or a director needs to have vision and should definitely have received specialized training in film making. Plenty of impressive courses are available for those who wish to pursue a career in film making. One can go for degree, diploma or certificate courses.

To become a documentary film maker in Britain, one must have an academic qualification in a media-related core subject. Ideally, one should have GCSEs in standard subjects followed by a BTEC in media studies. Furthermore, one can go for an HND in Media Production, which is the equivalent of the first two years of university study. This course is recognized everywhere and commands respect as well. Interested students can opt for a range of specializations of the core media production topic.

The job of a documentary film-maker can be quite stressful. If it’s a large project, he/she will need to handle hundreds of people and that is no mean task. A director needs to take care of all the minute details. This industry is extremely competitive and one must be ready to face odd challenges.

In India, the number of institutes offering training in documentary film-making is quite few. However, the quality of education is top-notch and one definitely gets to learn a lot.

The institutes are:-
Amrita School of Arts & Sciences, Kerala,
Amity School of Journalism and Communication, New Delhi
Editworks School of Mass Communication, Uttar Pradesh,
Anhad Institute of Media Studies, Jammu and Kashmir,
Asian Academy of Film and Television, Uttar Pradesh
Once the course has been completed, documentary film makers can work with educative television channels that cover reality films. One can also work with several NGOs in order to help them in conveying their thoughts and ideas to masses at large. Many documentary film makers prefer to work independently and follow their own creative instincts.

The role of a youth worker is very important in the society we are living in. The reason is, youth workers help in the social and personal development of youths. They prepare and deliver activities for young people that can prove instrumental in making them acquire new skills and in improving their confidence. For the betterment of society, youths must fulfill their potential. The growth and development of humanity and civilization never comes from a single pocket. Growth must be inclusive in nature and every strata of the society should be able to participate in it.

A youth worker is responsible for engaging with young people (aged 13–19) in a variety of settings. He helps these youngsters in facing the challenges of life by developing their personal and social skills through activities that are enjoyable, educational and satisfying.

The basic idea is to empower young people. Youth workers strive to make these people understand the aspects of health, education, attitudes and environment. Only empowered youths can change the society. A youth worker is also known as youth support worker or youth and community worker. His primary role is to help young people with a variety of issues and needs. It could be providing counseling, teaching values, building relationships and organizing events etc. Youth social workers act as mentors to these young populations.

The young individuals have specific needs and youth workers try to fulfill those needs. They are trained professionals that specialize in working with a variety of young adults, children and adolescents. Most often than not, youth workers are employed by community organizations, faith-based groups or specific youth centers. A youth worker can prefer to work with a specific group of people such as, young offenders or ethnic minority children or those having disabilities or learning disabilities etc.

In USA, a youth worker must have at least a high school diploma or GED. However, preference is given to those with formal training in youth work. The course content usually includes subjects like social services, psychology, communications, adolescent development, humanities and counseling. More than the academic qualification, this career gives importance to experience of working with young individuals. Volunteering works can prove vital in gaining practical experience. Most of the employers also provide on the job training to enable new youth workers to learn the required policies and procedures.

If one wants to work as a professional youth worker in UK, he/she must have a qualification recognized by the National Youth Agency (NYA) or the Youth Council for Northern Ireland. One can pursue different foundation degrees, diplomas, honors’ degrees or post-graduate degrees in this field. But according to one recent ruling, since 2010 onwards, a youth worker must have education qualification of degree level or higher. One can pursue a course in youth work through full or part-time study, work-based training and distance learning modes.

Youth workers can find employment opportunities in schools, churches, faith-based organizations, nonprofit and voluntary organizations, local authorities and government agencies. This is a highly satisfying job.

Toxicology deals with subjects of biological agents and poisons and their effects on the human body. It is one field that has a bit of many other fields such as pharmacology, biochemistry, pathology and histology among others. No other professional studies poisons and their effects on living systems the way a toxicologist does. At one point of time, toxicology was only dealing with toxic materials but now its functions has expanded from identifying poisons and searching for treatments to include forensic toxicology. A trained toxicologist also tests and detects new potentially toxic substances used in workplaces, in cosmetics, agriculture and food additives. A toxicologist watches out for toxic waste in the air, water, and soil. He uses his skills to formulate safety standards in occupational and other environments.

The job of a toxicologist is full of responsibilities that have huge impact on human beings and on our environment. Many chemicals have harmful effects on living beings. These professionals are in a way, trained medical scientists that thoroughly analyze adverse impacts of these chemicals on humans, animals and environment in general. They are involved in supervising regulatory compliance and also assist with product safety. A toxicologist conducts field studies and laboratory experiments to identify health hazards. Their job role further extends to detecting and evaluating poisoning and treatment options. They are trained in conducting researches to establish short-term and long-term impact of toxic materials on humans, animals and plants and devise ways to minimize these impacts. They provide suggestions in regards of how to develop ways to prevent exposure to toxins.

Most of the toxicologists have a master’s degree or doctorate degrees. Usually, the education in this subject most often takes place through laboratory and research programs. The subject involves vigorous study and extensive projects. Master’s degree can be obtained in subjects like toxicology, biochemistry or other related field. Those who wish to pursue a specialty field must get a doctorate degree. The course curriculum has subjects like biology, environmental studies, chemistry, biochemistry, epidemiology, health behavior and risk assessment etc. Internships and on the job training plays a vital role in this field. Students get to gain valuable practical experience thorough internships.

Students of toxicology are taught aspects like assessment of potential health risks, limits of acceptable exposure and nature of human exposure to chemicals and biological agents. A toxicologist spends most of his working time in laboratories using advanced techniques in analytical chemistry and biomedical sciences. A toxicologist can specialize in subjects like forensic toxicology, analytical toxicology, veterinary toxicology, environmental toxicology and clinical toxicology. They are required in chemical, pharmaceuticals and other related industries. They combine with pharmacologists to test chemicals in drugs and make sure products and workplaces are safe. Their services are required by government agencies for development and implementation of laws regarding the disposal of chemicals, use and safe production of different chemical elements.

In India following institutes offer courses in toxicology and related fields:-
Centre For Advancement In Health Sciences (CAHS), Mumbai
Institute of Clinical Research India (ICRI), New Delhi
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali, Punjab
TERI University, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat
Courses are offered at M.Sc and doctorate levels

Cartoonist is someone who uses cartoons to express ideas, thoughts and feelings. He/she is a creative person. Cartoon artistry is an innovative and creative field. Almost every newspaper, publication and magazine etc uses cartoons to convey messages on a variety of subjects. Cartoons are nothing if not pieces of art. Cartoonist draws political, social, advertising and sports cartoons.

These cartoons can be humorous or can make the readers/viewers think about the matter depicted by the image. A cartoonist can work on a variety of subjects. A cartoonist possesses many skills. He is not just a good observer but also has a keen sense of noticing minutest of things happening around him. It is not an easy task to convey a serious issue with help of a picture and without using any words. It is a challenging but extremely rewarding job.
Cartoonists work for different magazines, newspapers, brochures, advertisements, websites and comic strips. They are well trained professionals with expertise in creating 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional images by hand or through computer software. Cartoonists use a variety of media to express their thoughts. Tools commonly used by them are pen, ink, pencil, pastels, acrylics and watercolors etc.

Cartoon artistry is a career for those who are skilled artists and wish to make a living applying their talent. One should have a natural talent for drawing. Now a day, most of the cartoonists are also trained in creating computer generated images and illustrations.
Those willing to pursue a career in cartoon artistry should complete a bachelor degree in art or design. Numerous good and quality colleges, universities, art and design schools offer degree and diploma courses in fine arts. Cartoonists will do well to complete their course from an institute which is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design.

Because of increasing use of computers and related graphic software in this field, cartoonists also complete training in different computer techniques. Internships play a very crucial role in gaining required practical experience. A cartoonist must strive to build an impressive portfolio of his works consisting of photographic, handmade, computer-generated and printed images.
Career as a cartoonist offers great job opportunities. There is a huge demand for animated and interactive images. Strong presence of online publications and numerous websites is also expected to increase the demand for talented cartoonists.
Some of the institutes offering cartooning courses in India are:-
Global School of Animation & Games, New Delhi
National Institute of Design (NID, Ahmedabad)
Arena Multimedia
J.J School of Arts
Indian Institute of Cartoonists
Zee Institute of Creative Arts (ZICA)
Industrial Design Center (IDC), IIT – Mumbai & Guwahati
Academy of Animation and Gaming
Above mentioned names offer both diploma and degree courses in cartooning. However, not many institutes in India offer post graduate degree courses in this field. For a diploma course in cartooning, one needs to clear 12th standard examination from any recognized board. More so, this field encourages people with creativity and innovation. Once the students have completed cartooning courses, they can work with a newspaper, magazine or animation houses as a political or comic cartoonist.