Brand Manager plays a crucial role in success of an organization. He not only develops and implements appropriate marketing strategies but also manages them to raise the public profile of a particular branded product or company. A brand manager performs various roles and responsibilities. He plays a pivotal role in the organizational scheme of the things. Using different research mediums such as product, customer and market research, he/she analyses the market and creates detailed and precise reports to demonstrate current trends, predictions and relevant strategies. A brand manager is responsible for creating changes in product design as per the understanding of the target market.

A brand manager keeps a tab on all the marketing activities whether physical or online. It is his duty to create annual budgeting plans and reports for different brands of the company. He devises comprehensive marketing strategies in association with advertising department and sales personnel. The job of a brand manager is a highly demanding one. He needs to be on his toes almost all the time. A brand manager is required to have several skills. For instance, he must be able to multi-task. He always has to look over different aspects like content, design and marketing of a product. So a multitasking ability will definitely come very handy. A brand manager must be analytical and should be able to work within tight deadlines. Additionally, skills like interpersonal skills, communication skills and creative abilities etc are very important in this profile.

As far as education and training for brand managers is concerned, most of them have University degree level or above in subjects like marketing, brand management, advertising, public relations, international business and business management. There is huge demand for experienced brand managers in multinational companies. Though, it can take years of experience before one becomes eligible for the role of a brand manager in a large corporation. This is a high paying job and good candidates always command best of packages.

To become a brand manager, one must complete his/her MBA with marketing or branding specialization from a premier institute. The eligibility criterion for entering into a MBA program includes a bachelor’s degree in any stream from a recognized university. One also needs to appear for management entrance examinations like CAT (Common Admission Tests) or MAT (Management Admission Tests) etc for pursuing MBA courses in India (Master of Business Administration). The written examination is followed by Group Discussion and Personal Interview (GD & PI) rounds.

Some of the premier institutes in India offering courses in brand management are;

Indian Institute of Management (IIMs), Kolkata, Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Lucknow, Indore

SP Jain Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai

Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Kolkata

Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies, Pune

MP Birla Institute of Management, Bangalore

Some of the subjects covered in a brand management course are, principles of brand management, market research, brand promotion, brand launch and USP, advertising and marketing, consumer demand and distribution, packaging and marketing of a brand etc. Qualified professionals can find suitable branding jobs in different industries like pharmaceutical, insurance, FMCG, consumer durables, mobile telephones and retail industry etc.

Child psychology is one of the most crucial specializations of psychology subject. The demand for child psychologists has increased because of various reasons. Nucleated families, child growing up on his own with his parents working, television, internet and video games replacing the tradition forms of sports and recreation and negative influence of his surroundings etc are the main reason behind increasing cases of psychological problems in children. Additionally, many children also have to go through effects of dysfunctional family, and unhealthy dietary habits. All these issues have made the job of a child psychologist very important in our society. A child psychologist is a trained professional who deals with emotional, mental or behavioral problems experienced by a child. He evaluates the problems, assesses and diagnoses the prevalent conditions and suggests remedial measures. Usually, these professionals deal with a child on one-on-one basis. This is a very responsible job that demands extensive research and mental strength. Child psychologists also educate social workers and parents.

Child psychologists are responsible for promoting well being and healthy development of the children. They are trained in diagnosing and treating mental disorders affecting children. He studies the mind and behavior of children from infancy to adolescence. A child psychologist deals with mental issues caused by separation anxiety, physical abuse, mental illness, psychological abuse, drugs and alcohol abuse, divorce, death and peer pressure etc. Apart from these, many children are affected with problems related to learning disabilities and developmental delays. These trained professionals carefully create and implement age-appropriate treatment plans. Psychological treatment is more of an ongoing process. He uses therapy sessions and different other forms like drawings, art, music, sports and play etc during the treatment process. He also has to explain the issues to the parents of the affected child and how they should behave in the given situation.

Child psychologists must have a master’s degree however; a doctoral degree in child psychology is preferred by the employers. Child psychology is a specialized subject under the umbrella branch of clinical psychology. One must receive intensive training to be eligible to work with child and his parents. Most of the child psychologists complete their core coursework and research along with 1 to 2 year internships and a postdoctoral fellowship in child psychology. A child psychologist must obtain the license before they can practice independently. The licensing requirements include a doctorate degree in child psychology from an accredited institution, at least 1 to 2 years of experience, an approved internship, and passing a state examination.

Because of increasing demand for psychological services for children in many parts of the world, the employment opportunities for a qualified and experienced child psychologist are very high.

Talking about child psychology courses in India, many colleges and universities offer psychology as a subject right from Plus Two levels. One can study this subject as an Honors subject at graduation level and later on at the master’s and doctoral level. Those with specialization in child psychology can seek employment in schools, colleges, universities, hospitals, nursing homes, developmental agencies, rehabilitation centers, child/ youth guidance centers and NGOs.

Some of the Indian institutes offering courses in psychology are:-

University of Delhi,

Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

University of Calcutta, Kolkota

Sardar Patel University, Gujarat

Gurunanak Dev University, Amritsar

Kuruskhetra University, Haryana

Courses offered are Bachelor, Master, M.phil., Ph.D. and other applied courses in different streams of psychology including child psychology.

Climatology is the study of climate over a period of time. It is a highly specialized field that seeks trained professional with an ability to study long-term climate trends. Climatologist can predict atmospherical changes and how these changes are going to affect our environment. It is the job of climatologists to study seasonal variations and climatic patterns over a period of time. They study the changes occurring in weather over months, years and even centuries by gathering, examining, and inferring past records of different variables of climate like temperature, sunshine, rainfall and wind. This process is conducted in specific areas or regions. This focused study helps these professionals in determining the weather of a particular season in coming times.

The predictability of a particular season is forecasted by the climatologists with the help of specific computer software. Current changes of oceans and temperatures also come under the purview of climatologists. They are in possession of vast array of information using which climate models are constructed. These models provide a useful guide in understanding historical events that shaped the climate of the earth. The idea is to predict the future events based on past information. The study conducted by climatologists is very useful in designing buildings, plan heating and cooling systems. They also aid in suggesting methods for effective land use and agricultural production.

Talking about educational qualification needed by climatologist, he/she must secure a bachelor degree in climatology or other related field. However, the complexity and expertise of the field demands applicants with a master or doctorate degree and substantial experience. The course curriculum often covers subjects like oceanography, climatology, astronomy, meteorology, mathematics, atmospheric science and physics. It is a usual norm to complete internships while pursing the education. It helps in gaining valuable practical experience. Climatology is a constantly evolving field that demands continuing education. These professionals receive precious on the job training at entry level. A climatologist must upgrade his skills on a regular basis.

The services of climatologists are regularly sought by professional weather service organizations, government organizations, professional laboratories and nonprofit agencies. This is a competitive field that gives better chances to those with advanced training and extensive experience. It is forecasted that because of increasing demand for research on weather and climate patterns and ever changing climate, the employment opportunities for climatologists are going to increase substantially. Because of relatively smaller number of professionals in climatology, the salary offered is quite lucrative.

As far as India is concerned, Climatology is a vital part of Atmospheric science which deals with the study of the gaseous outer regions of the Earth. Some of the other important subjects that come under Atmospheric science are meteorology, aeronomy and agricultural meteorology etc. A very small number of institutions in India offer courses in specialized branches like climatology.

Some of them that offer courses in atmospheric Sciences and climatology are:-

Kurukshetra University
Pune University, Department of Space Science
Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi
Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore
IIT, Kharagpur & Delhi
Andhra University, Visakhapatnam

The basic eligibility requirement for MSc in climatology is a B.Sc degree from a recognized university.

Cinematography is one of the most important parts of film making. Often described as visual storytellers, cinematographers play a very vital role in the final outcome of a movie on the screen. He guides the cameras during the filming and handles the complexities of lighting, human nature, special effects, cameras, optics, and composition. They are technically and artistically well trained. Cinematographers perform the job of visual manifestation of the ideas expressed by the director. Cinematographer decides what are the right camera angles to use, what should be the size of the shot, how to bring intended effects and how to highlight aesthetics in the movie etc. He does many other functions. A cinematographer is a crucial cog in the movie making wheel.

A cinematographer works according to the size and scope of the project. If it is a small project or a documentary of small scale, he will be not just a camera operator but also the editor and safety officer. He will decide the exact composition of the scenes and plan the shots accordingly. A professional cinematographer is also required to handle assistants, lighting crews and camera operators. This is a popular career choice. One can find quality professional cinematographers in television studios, production companies, independent film companies and advertising agencies. The demand for his services is directly proportional to his work experience. Most of the cinematographers are self-employed and work on a project to project basis.

To become a cinematographer, one needs to join courses in videography and camera operation or related field offered by several schools, community/junior colleges, universities and vocational schools. Many private specialized institutions also offer good courses in this field. He should be creative, imaginative and should have a good eye. A cinematographer also needs to be aware of latest technical equipments and cameras in this field. He can begin his career as film and video editors, assistant cameramen, cameramen and grips.

A career in cinematography is a popular career choice. The job can pay very well. Those with good portfolio and experience can do very well as cinematographers.

Various prestigious institutions in India offer courses in cinematography. Courses are offered at diploma, degree and certificate levels. One can also find several short term courses ranging from 3 months to one year, conducting classes for cinematographers. The course curriculum imparts knowledge on subjects like camera and lighting, sound recording, electronic cinematography, photography optics, study of still and movie cameras, production design, lighting & exposure and other related topics. The minimum qualification for these courses is passing of 10+2 examination or a graduate degree from recognized board. A cinematographer must be proficient in all the aspects of camera handling such as, movement, camera shots, composition, angles, film stock, filters and lighting.

Institutes imparting knowledge in the field of cinematography are:-

Film and Television Institute of India, Pune

Chennai Film School, Tamil Nadu

Satyajit Ray Film Institute, Mumbai,

Center for Research in Art of Film and Television, Delhi,

Digital Academy, Mumbai,

Asian Academy of Film & Television, Noida

Prasad Film and TV Academy

Whistling Woods Institute, Mumbai

IDC, IIT Bombay

Make-up artists are an absolute necessity in the world of films and theatres. Makeup artists are thoroughly trained professionals who can change the appearance of actors. These artists are responsible for showing us flawless faces on television and movie screens. The artists are equipped with skills that can change the appearance of any individual. We are living in a world where appearance and looks matter a lot. It is our innermost desire to look beautiful and that’s where makeup artists come into the picture. These professionals work according to the demands of their clients. They are the pillars of personal appearance industry.

Most of the make-up artists work on a freelance basis. Large film studious, independent television companies, photographers, theatres, cosmetic giants and models etc are major employers of make-up artists. A large number of artists open their own salon and offer their services to general public. They are also hired for special occasions like weddings etc. They can choose to specialize in specific area of make-up artistry like historical make-up.

To become a make-up artist in UK, one needs to study for a degree in a relevant subject, such as visual art, costume design, fashion, illustration, textile and fine art etc. Several colleges and universities offer courses in these subjects. One can also go for a diploma or certificate course offered by many public as well as private institutions. Among the most popular and prestigious courses is one offered by the London College of Fashion in Specialist Make-up Design. Many top class make-up artists have done this course. This is a constantly evolving field where one needs to develop his/her skills on a regular basis. One should also join associations like the National Association of Screen Make-up Artists and Hairdressers.

For students of USA, courses in fashion makeup, beauty therapy, production arts, cosmetology and hair dressing etc will be very helpful in pursuing a career as a makeup artist. Several vocational and technical schools, private and public colleges spread across the length of the country offer courses in these subjects. One is also recommended to take a state licensing exam the requirements of which include graduates from the training program, passing of written test and a practical test of skills. Given a chance, one should always go for internship or apprenticeship programs. It helps in gaining valuable practical experience and learning new skills. Because makeup artistry is a people oriented career, one must have good people skills along with creativity, patience, confidence and ability to work for long hours.

In India, there are no specific courses for a makeup artist.

However, one can pursue a beautician course offered by some reputed beauty training schools including:-

Shehnaz Herbal Women’s International (Mumbai)

Habib’s Hair Academy (New Delhi)

Akbar Peerbhoy Girl’s Polytechnic ( Mumbai)

RVTI for Women (Jaipur, Vadodra, Allahabad, Noida)

VLCC Institute of Health and Management (New Delhi)

A beautician course usually covers subjects like theoretical classes on diets, physiology, salon management and anatomy apart from extensive practical classes on make-up, hair treatments and applying facials.

When it comes to problems related to hearts, there is no one better qualified than cardiologists to handle such complex cases. A cardiologist is someone who prevents, diagnoses and treat heart related conditions and diseases. His tasks include treating cardiovascular system, circulatory ailments and disorders and using medical imaging studies to diagnose the heart conditions. A cardiologist works in tandem with cardiac surgeon and uses cardiologist instrumentation in patients. He is also responsible for a number of crucial tasks such as, monitoring diagnostic cardiology procedures, stress tests, inserting catheters, radiology studies, electrocardiograms and finding coronary blockages. Cardiology is a specialty area in the medical field. The services of these specialists are sought all over the globe.

Heart is perhaps the most vital muscular organ of the body and that’s why it is important to take utmost care of it. In case of any heart conditions, one needs to consult a cardiologist to find the cause and treatment of the conditions. Once the doctor has thoroughly examined the conditions, he describes the problems to the patients and options for treatment. A cardiologist uses a mix of treatment options ranging from medication and lifestyle changes to pacemakers, and surgical procedures.

The education qualification for becoming a cardiologist includes a bachelor degree and medical degree (M.D.) from an accredited medical school. Cardiologists are also expected to complete 3 years of residency training after the medical school education. During their cardiology fellowship programs which usually last 2 to 3 years; doctors are taught to treat patients with heart failure, heart attacks, heart disease, and serious disturbances in heart rhythm. He is introduced to concepts of heart surgery, balloon angioplasty, heart catheterization and several other important procedures. In USA, a cardiologist needs to pass the licensing examination apart from completing the full education in order to become a practicing cardiologist.

Cardiologists are always in demand because of huge supply-demand mismatch. This job pays really well to those with extensive experience and expertise in specialty procedures. Ageing population and rising cases of heart conditions further fuel the demand for qualified cardiologists.

In India, to become a cardiologist, first you need to study science subjects (physics, chemistry and biology) at the plus-two level and after then you will need to get through MBBS entrance examination. The MBBS programme is usually of four-and-a-half-year followed by compulsory one-year internship training. Additionally, to qualify as MD, you will require to work as a junior resident in internal medicine for three years. The final stage is of joining a three-year DM programme or even the DNB in cardiology. As you complete the all these requirements, you officially become a cardiologist. India has shortage of qualified cardiologists so demand for them is very high. India also has high numbers of cardiovascular related diseases.

You can join prestigious medical institutions like,

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

Postgraduate Institute Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh

GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi;

Christian Medical College, Vellore

Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow and

Sree Chitra Institute Medical Sciences & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram

Factors like climate change and global warming have led to popularity of environmental science as a career choice among the youths of today. This field is an interdisciplinary discipline that combines physical and biological sciences like biology, physical science, geography, chemistry and soil science etc. The most basic function of an environmental scientist is to study the environment and the solutions of environmental problems. These well trained professionals discover the effects of human activity, mass production, and industry pollution that affects the well being of the environment and nature. It is their job to minimize the effects of ecological pollution to the humans, nature and wildlife. The scientists are adept at mixing together interdisciplinary, quantitative and integrated approach to study our environmental systems. They aim to achieve sustainable environmental health for all the living species.

Some of the other related fields to environmental science are environmental engineering and environmental studies. The job profile of an environmental scientist is quite huge as he has to perform a range of environmental activities from conducting research to protecting the environment. He/she examines observations and measurements of air, water, soil, food, and other aspects. This way, he determines the correct ways to improve our surrounding environment. Right from preparing reports and assessments on environmental issues to teaming up with other related professionals, an environmental scientist saves us from harmful environmental effects. He can specialize in different fields like conservation, environmental biology, ecology, environmental chemistry and fisheries.

To become an environmental scientist in USA, one needs at least a master’s degree in environmental science, chemistry, geology, physics, or related area. Though for entry level positions, a bachelor degree will suffice but it is always recommended to go for a master’s in this subject. Those willing to make a career in research and teaching positions typically hold Doctorate degrees. Some of the subjects covered by environmental courses are physical geography, hazardous waste management, geochemistry, geologic data and hydrology. Those with extensive education and experience will always find good employment opportunities in public as well as private sectors. Demand for environmental and water resources will further drive job growth for environmental scientists.

Those who want to pursue courses in environmental science in India can join any of the undergraduate and post-graduate courses offered by several institutes across the country. The basic qualification for B.Sc (Environmental Science) is 10+2 pass with science subjects. Going forward, one can opt for M.Sc in Environmental Science with a degree in B.Sc Environmental Science.

Several reputed institutes in India offer courses in environmental science. These courses are at B.Sc/ M.Sc/ B.E/ B.Tech/ M.Tech levels.

University of Delhi, Delhi
Delhi College of Engineering, Delhi
Center for Environment Education, Nehru Foundation for Development, Ahmedabad
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Bharathiar University, Coimbatore
IIT, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Madras
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Environment Management (SIES), Mumbai
Visveswariah Technological University, AIT, Chikmagalur
Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi

Students pursuing environmental science in India have multiple career options. They can find good job opportunities with different government departments and agencies like Water resources and Agriculture, Forest and Environment, environmental NGOs, refineries, fertilizer plants, Pollution Control Boards, food processing industries, waste treatment plants, textile mills, urban planning, and different private industries and firms.

The basic definition of a translator is that someone who can interpret the meaning of one’s written language. He is responsible for translating written materials from one language to another. A language translator is proficient in both source and target languages. Translators play a very vital role in our society and corporate world. They make the task of communicating with people around the world much easier. This job is not just about converting the language of the texts. It involves translating the words while keeping the meaning intact. They strive to continue the same flow of ideas and sentences in the target language. A translator must be aware of cultural references. He needs to understand colloquialisms and other words that cannot be literally translated and yet keep the essence of the texts intact.

To become a translator in Britain, one must acquire a bachelor’s degree. However, preference is given to those who have a master’s degree in translation or interpreting. Alternatively, translators have the option of joining the Institute of Linguists’ Diploma in Translation (DipTrans) where candidates need to clear three papers of general translation and other two of translations of specialist texts. Good qualified translators can find jobs in United Nations, European Union and SDL apart from other translation agencies.

In USA, one needs to have a bachelor’s degree to get an entry-level translation position. He/she also needs to have expertise in at least two languages. Several colleges and universities in USA offer bachelors and master’s degree programs in translation and specific languages. Internships matter a lot in this field because of the experience it offers to the students. A translator also needs to be good at writing, editing and grammar skills. Additional certifications can enhance the job opportunities. Many translators study particular subjects like humanities or economics to develop specialties. Familiarity with translation software program can prove very handy in this field.

Anyone who has a command over both source and target languages can pursue a career in the field of language translation. Plenty of reputed institutes in India offer courses in translation. The basic educational eligibility is passing of 10+2 or graduation, depending upon the course. Those willing to pursue language translation at postgraduate level must be a graduate in any field with specialization in any foreign language, proficiency in English and basic computer knowledge. The courses are available at degree, diplomas and certificates levels. The language translation course can be pursued on a full-time as well as part-time basis. There is huge demand for language experts in different fields like business, judiciary, medical or any other technical field. Post-liberalization, many multinational companies have set their shops in India. They are in constant need of good language translators for better communication.

Some of the premier institutes offering translation and language courses in India are:-

School of Language, Literature and Cultural Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi),

University of Delhi (New Delhi)

Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages (CIEFL), (Hyderabad)

Indo-Japan Chamber Of Commerce & Industry (Chennai)

Banaras Hindu University (Varanasi)

Indo – Italian Chamber of Commerce (Mumbai)

Pune University (Pune)

Investment banking is one of the most prominent career choices in banking industry. The job of an investment banker is of high profile and they handle financial transactions worth millions and billions of dollars. Investment bankers perform a wide range of functions. They advise clients on investment options and on raising money. They thrive on negotiating large financial transactions. Most of the Investment bankers work in specializations including research analysis, trading and corporate finance. These professionals work for investment banking firms. It is their job to initiate financial ventures and counsel other companies and businesses with financial possibilities and new investment avenues. Their expertise includes handling budget deficits and financial failures.

High net worth clients prefer to seek the help of investment Bankers to manage their hard earned money. Investment bankers love to deal in stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and securities. Investment bankers handle important functions like underwriting, IPOs and other advisory services.

Talking about educational qualifications of an investment banker, he must be a graduate with degree in economics, business, statistics, accounting or finance. Though, preference is given to those who have a Master’s degree in Business Administration. Employers seek right candidates from top institutions. This is a highly specialized job and that’s why employers prefer exceptionally talented students. Investment banking is a dynamic field and these professionals need to educate themselves on current trends in the market and changes in the economy on a regular basis.

Organizations provide intensive training on the job for newly recruited investment bankers at the entry level. In USA, most of the investment bankers clear the General Securities Registered Representative Examination. They also register with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). The requirements vary from state to state and country to country. Many states in USA demand investment bankers to clear the Uniform Securities Agents State Law Examination. Top level investment bankers like to have several licenses for career advancement. They also possess strong communication and interpersonal skills, great analytic skills, ability to work as a team and plenty of self-confidence.

In India, different courses in the field of investment banking are offered at under graduate as well as at post graduate levels. Quite a few institutions conduct diploma and certificate courses. However, it is always recommended to have a post graduate degree if one wants to make it big in investment banking. Some of the major institutes offering courses in this field are Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India University (ICFAI) (Tripura) and The Society of Certified Investment Bankers, (Hyderabad). It is an emerging career choice in India. Rising economy and proliferation of banks have created huge demand for talented investment bankers. Add to that, attractive pay package and that almost makes it a perfect career choice.

Employment chances for investment bankers are projected to grow much faster than the average for all professions. Factors like rising per capita income, increasing number of financial products and services, emergence of new banks and increasing investment options etc will drive the demand for investment bankers.

Beauty care has emerged as one of the most promising career field for people all around the globe. Last few decades have witnessed huge emphasis on personal beauty and appearance. This is not just a developed country phenomenon.

Worldwide, the personal disposable income has increased substantially and lifestyle needs have also changed. Now people are willing to splurge money on personal appearance. That explains the surge in demand for qualified beauticians or beauty therapists. Beauticians can be defined as beauty specialists that offer many different beauty care services and treatments to the clients. His/her primary job is to provide services to enhance the physical appearance and body/facial features of the clients.

This is one career field mainly dominated by women. Though, there are male beauticians also but the number is very low. The simple reason is, most of the clients tend to be women and the work often involves close contact with intimate parts of the body. Women are also considered more suitable for this job because of their perceived interest in beauty and care. The primary function of a beautician is to improve the appearance of her clients. They can do so by highlighting and accentuating existing features or by removing unwanted blemishes. A beauty therapist also offers relaxation techniques to the customers. They specialize in providing treatments that relieve tension and boost mental well-being. It is all about making customers feel good about themselves.

We all know how important a role looks play in modern day world. Everyone wants to look good and attractive. Therefore, the role of the therapist becomes even more prominent. Thanks to new techniques and innovations in beauty treatments and products, the industry is witnessing a growth rate never seen before. These beauty care experts offer treatments like manicures, pedicures, facials, skin treatments, massages and eyebrow threading etc. They often work in beauty salons or spas. There is a growing demand for beauticians in hotels, medical clinics, sports injuries clinics, fitness and health clubs. Media and entertainment, fashion and performing arts etc always seek beauty therapists. Furthermore, one can find lucrative job opportunities in holiday resorts or on cruise ships.

A large percentage of beauty therapists are self-employed running their own salon. Many expert beauticians also offer advanced treatments such as permanent make-up, electrolysis, and laser therapy. They keep in mind the skin and personality type of the clients and suggest products and services accordingly.

Education qualification for beautician varies from place to place. However, they must have at least a high school diploma. They have the option of attending vocational cosmetology schools. There is no standard qualification for beauticians but they would do well to have a degree/diploma/certification in beauty therapy sciences. The training usually lasts between 9 to 24 months. Courses are largely practical but also include some theoretical subjects like anatomy, physiology and dermatology for better understanding of skin types etc. These courses have provision of apprenticeships after they complete their training. Beauty therapists can also attend seminars, training programs, and beauty shows for better understanding of their field.