Punjabi community always had a great presence in Hindi film industry. You talk about any era or generation, Punjabis have kept us entertained. Whether its actors, directors or singers, Punjabi people have ruled the roost in Bollywood. Right from Kapoors, Chopras, Sagars, Khannas to singers like Sehgal, Rafi and Daler Mehndi, Punjabi talents have always mesmerised cine-goers. Presence of such stalwarts in every sphere of Hindi cinema also tells us that Bollywood will become completely colourless in absence of Punjabis. We have also enjoyed Punjabi songs and dance sequences in Hindi film industry.

Though, presence of Punjabi community has made Hindi film industry a much richer place, same can’t be said about Punjabi film industry. Here, the movies have suffered a lot because of several reasons. Lack of finances, undeveloped market and language constraint did not give regional cinema a pretty picture. During the 70s and 80s, hardly 6-10 movies were released in the region. However, movies made in Hindustani language got more success. The condition of Punjabi cinema remained in doldrums till 90s but arrival of new millennium has witnessed better market and even better days for Punjabi cinemas. Now more and more new movies are being made in Punjabi and people are also accepting them whole-heartedly. Wider spread of Punjabi community in several regions has also helped in popularising Punjabi movies.

Some of the top Punjabi actors include Satish Kaul, Harbhajan Mann, Raj Babbar, Om Puri, Shashi Puri, Meher Mittal, Shivendra Mahal, Veerendra, Yograj Singh, Gurdas Mann, Diljeet Kaur, Divya Dutta, Kimi Verma and Jimmy Shergill. Many of these artists have also worked in Hindi film industry. Few Punjabi movies have also won National awards the likes of which include Satluj De Kande (1964), Chann Pardesi, Kachehari (1994), Main Maa Punjab (1998), Shaheed-E-Mohabbat (1999) and Des Hoya Pardes (2005).

In the recent years, some Punjabi movies have proved to be huge Box-office successes. Movies like Rustam-e-Hind, Mitti Wajan Mardi, Yaariyan, Mera Pind, Lakh pardesi hoye, Heaven on earth, Sat sri akal, Jag jeodeye deh mele, Tera mera ki Ristha, Munde U.K. They have made roaring business. Punjabi cinema has witnessed renewed interest in recent years and that is amply reflected by number of movies being released every year and revenues being earned.

If Kerala is known for its scenic beauty and amazing backwaters, then it is also famous for churning out socially relevant movies. The language of the state of Kerala is Malayalam and movies made in the state are often in Malayalam language only. The most striking aspect about Malayalam cinema is that they are more realistic in nature and unlike popular Hindi cinemas; they are more prone to delivering social messages. One reason behind this phenomenon could be political landscape of the region that has affected the arts and culture of Kerala. The people of Kerala love to watch Malayalam movies and that explains its popularity in the region as well as in some countries where Malay expats are spread.

Going back to the history books, the first Malayalam cinema was ‘Vigathakumaran’ made in 1928. It was a silent movie that was well received by the people of the state. The first spoken cinema was ‘Balan’. Malayalam movies got a fresh lease of life with opening of its first studio Udaya. With the passage of time, Malayalam films have made a strong identity for themselves. During the initial period, the movies made in the region were hugely influenced by Tamil and Telugu cinemas but then the tide turned. Directors like Adoor Gopalakrishnan, G. Aravindan and Shaji Karun etc have contributed significantly in the global recognition of Malayalam cinema.

Malayalam cinema works in two layers of melodramatic themes and art cinema that has continued to grow. Movies made in the region are wonderful manifestation of deeply interwoven other pillars of culture such as literature, art and politics. 1950s witnessed first major Malayalam hit known as ‘Jeevithanauka’. The super success of this movie was followed by other classics like Neelakkuyil, Newspaper Boy and Chemmeen etc. 1970’s witnessed a socio-political change in Kerala. This period also saw huge interests of youths in movie making and Malayalam film songs. The movies became a powerful medium of self-expression.

Malayalam cinema kept growing strength by strength during 80’s, 90’s and in new millennium. The gap between commercial and art cinema slowly subsided and new technologies were incorporated in the film medium. Some of the most popular Malayalam actors are Mohanlal, Suresh Gopi and Mammootty. Malayalam cinemas are frequently shown at international film festivals.

Tamil film industry is the most powerful in south Indian regional cinema world. In fact, when the concept of movies and music in India started, Chennai along with Mumbai and Kolkata was the major entertainment centre. Other regional film industries took their inspiration from Tamil entertainment industry. Like Tamil films, Tamil film songs also have a rich history.

In fact, if we go back to history books, Carnatic music that is one of the two major classical music in India, originated in the state of Tamil Nadu. Carnatic music is still in existence and quite popular too. Tamil film songs also found their seeds in the carnatic music. Many popular Tamil film songs are inspired from ragas of Carnatic music.
Tamil people have always loved music in all its forms. With the changing times, the taste of people has also changed. New genres of music like pop, rock, western, country etc have spread their wings. People of Tamil Nadu have fond association with popular film music and that explains record number of album sales registered in the state every year. Tamil music industry has given us several renowned talents.

The musical wizard, A R Rehman is a product of Tamil music only. Before making it big in India and on world stage, he learned the ropes of music in Chennai. Other prominent composer Ilaiyaraaja who is also a recipient of several Film Fare and National awards is from Tamil Nadu only. Apart from these two, other prominent composers of the state are, Yuvan Shankar Raja, Harris Jayaraj, Karthik Raja and Vidyasagar who have kept giving us melodious and soul-stirring music.
Tamil film music is very innovative in nature. The musical blend of different genres like western and carnatic makes music of Tamil films very appealing. As far as range of music is concerned, melodic and rhythmic patterns rule the roost here. Use of latest electronic instruments has also contributed a lot in popularising Tamil film songs among the youths. Some of the recent released film music albums like Paiyaa, Naan Avan Illai, Aval Peyar Thamizharasi, Renigunta, Siddu plus two first attempt etc have proved to be major hits. Famous Tamil film singers are, SP Balasubramanium, Hariharan, Jayachandran, KK, Karthik, Sreenivas, Mano, KJ Yesudas and Madhu Balakrishnan etc..


Home » History of Indian Films »  | Tamil film songs | Malayalam film songs | Hindi remix songs | Kannada film songs |

Music is inherently woven in the fabric of Indian culture. From the days of classical music, we have travelled a long way. Music unites all of India. The most popular form of music in India is Hindi film songs. Hindi is the most spoken language in India and that is why Hindi film songs are very much popular all across the country. In last 80 years, music has remained an integral part of biggest passion of Indian public, i.e., movies.

Songs and dance sequences complete the colourful canvas of Indian cinema. During the golden age, songs were more focussed on melody and lyrics. Use of instruments was largely restricted because of lack of new technology. With changing times, music preference of people also changed. Hindi film songs are highly addictive.

Now a day, thanks to all forms of latest instruments and equipments, Hindi film songs have acquired a new language and that is remixed versions. The term remix here refers to change of instruments actually used in the original song and that entirely transforms the song. Remix filmy songs have modern beats and rhythms. Even many classical and folk songs have been launched in remixed versions.

Most of the discotheques and party functions in the country play remixed versions on which people love to shake a leg or two. The culture of remix songs have also resulted in more sales as people are able to relish the original as well as remixed versions. Every new film album comes with two versions of the song and remix has become an integral part of Indian film music.

Most of the filmy remix songs are primarily item songs. Apart from that, some of the golden hits have also been launched in remix version. Songs like, Bhor Bhaye Panghat ko, Chura Liya hai Tumne, Roop Tera Mastana, Papa Kehte hain, Kaanta Laga etc were added new musical twists and were lapped by music lovers with great enthusiasm. Many remix songs have elements of hip-hop and rap. It has resulted in arrival of an entirely new generation of musicians who relish in adding their part of creativity in the songs. Remix songs are also popular among Indian people living abroad.