Child labor laws in India

The most violated human rights are children rights. Around 185,000 children are working as domestic labour (2001 census). Is the most highlighted problem globally.

The children’s are being forced in many labour works, domestic works, bonded labour, rag picking, forced to work in roadside eateries, prostitution, in factories etc.

Causes:
Poverty, child trafficking, ignorance of parents, discrimination of gender, children are easily targeted only for the reason that they cannot raise their voice as adults.

Child Labour lawa India :
Children who are engaged in labour work for economic gains, harmful works or hazardous works below the age of 14 years.

In India there are many Laws enacted to protect the rights of children which are as follows:
The Child Labour Act, 1986.
The Factories Act, 1948
The Mines Act, 1952
The Bonded Labour System Abolition Act

Constitutional provisions:
Article 24 provides: strictly prohibits children to work in hazardous environment.

Article 21, 45 gives the right to education to all the children below the age of 14years.

Article 39 declares the duty of the State to provide the children a free and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity.

Child labour in domestic work has been strictly banned by the Government, because of the increased cases of child abuse and sexual abuse of children especially girl child.

The government has a special cell to help children in exploitive circumstances. These cells comprise of social inspectors, as well as other administrative personnel, employed specifically to deal with child labour issues.

There are many organization which aims to stop the child labour on global level such as CRY, UNICEF, ILO etc.

To stop child labour is not only governments but each individual’s social responsibility, as children are assets of a nation.

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