August 9- Quit India Day
India was under the British rule for more than 200 years. It was a period of tumult, sacrifices and persistent struggles. The first official munity of the country took place in 1857 when the great freedom fighter Mangal Pandey refused to obey the orders of cruel British rulers. His disobedience caused a nationwide movement against the British Empire. Though, the movement was ruthlessly suppressed but it initiated what we know as, great Indian freedom struggle for next 100 years. Thousands and lakhs of Indians participated in the freedom struggle. Great many personalities contributed their bit.
Indian freedom movement is like a great mythical saga that witnessed a series of movements all across the country. Among all these movements, Quit India movement was the most decisive one. The movement started on 9th of August 1942. The day marks the anniversary of Quit India movement and is observed every year even after 68 years. Quit India Movement is considered as a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom. Initiated by Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, the movement urged the Indian masses to raise their voice against brutal rule of British Empire. The English leaders were asked to “Quit India”. It was India’s very own war cry that redefined the freedom struggle.
Mahatma Gandhi said, “We shall either free India or die in the attempt; we shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery” and that inspired millions of Indians to come on streets. The Quit India Resolution was adopted by the Congress Working Committee. The day, movement started, almost all the prominent leaders were arrested. The movement was marked by bouts of violence. Railway stations, courts, post offices and police stations were set ablaze by the protestors.
The widespread protests coupled with Britain’s suffering in the Second World War paved the way for India’s freedom. Quit India Day was unquestionably one of the defining moments in the Indian freedom struggle. Every year, 9th August is marked with functions held in schools and colleges where skits, speeches are staged. Political establishment pays tributes to the martyrs of the freedom struggle and entire nation fills with a sense of patriotism.